Balcony and Rooftop Gardening

    Everything in this slideshow

    • Sky-High View

      A rooftop patio space offers soothing respite.

      • Pea gravel is an interesting alternative to hard-surface flooring. It provides a softer floor for feet and offers excellent drainage, too.
      • Built-in brick planters create a textural counterpoint to the poured concrete walls.
      • In tall spaces such as rooftops, trees are essential for shade and privacy.
      • Select sturdy outdoor furniture that can hold up to high winds and other tough weather.
      • A soft groundcover shields the ground around the container-planted trees.
    • An Intimate Nook

      A small balcony provides a just-right open-air hideout.

      • There are a host of all-weather rugs that are beautiful and heavy-duty. This one picks up on the neutral palette in the cushions.
      • In place of built-ins, furniture placement orients the view on this balcony.
      • Dwarf tree and shrub varieties are top picks for balconies; they offer contained growth while softening the edges of a landscape.
      • Another good option for balconies: moveable benches, which provide both extra seating and table surface.
      • To stash outdoor accessories in the off-season, a coffee table opens up for storage.
    • Skyline Scenery

      Plants and water add beauty to this rooftop space.

      • A narrow, raised water garden provides a textural and visual contrast to plant and hardscape elements.
      • In place of additional containers, a raised bed elevates a pretty collection of flowers.
      • A fire pit — either gas or wood — is a welcome element on a balcony. It should be constructed and built out of materials that meet local fire codes.
      • Colored gravel delivers a subtle (and soft) accent underfoot.
      • Containers are a good option for rooftops: They’re moveable, can be planted with annuals or perennials, and come in a variety of sizes and materials.
    • Veranda View

      A pretty city scene acts as backdrop to a slim dining area.

      • This rooftop oasis is divided into two sections — one, a sheltered sunroom and the other a rooftop dining space. Get the look with an artful use of furnishings or other room accents, such as rugs.
      • Break up large expanses of boring walls with outdoor-friendly ornaments, such as this large metal star.
      • Electrical wiring is a welcome addition to rooftops or balconies; here, wall-mounted lights offer safety and ambiance.
      • Out of sight when the sun is welcome and warming, a retractable shade provides relief when rooftop rays shine too strong.
      • A collection of easy-care ferns in containers provides a dose of greenery.
    • Bewitching Balcony

      Simple is often better, as demonstrated by these rooftop material and plant choices.

      • Clever plantings can offer a welcome barrier in rooftop spaces. Here, a long container planted with vigorous bamboo shields the view.
      • In place of an ordinary wood wall, glass blocks deftly allow in sunlight while providing a visual screen.
      • Hardworking evergreens supply unusual ornamentation and year-round structure.
      • Flowers get plenty of acclaim in the landscape, but varying foliage can provide plentiful visual interest, too.
      • Depending on style inclinations, wood can be left to weather a soft gray or refinished regularly to maintain a rich color.
    • Better Balcony

      Planters work wonders to soften the sweeping balcony space.

      • A subtle change in material — large, regular pavers merge into a soft border of river rock — keeps a large expanse of flooring from looking boring.
      • A series of planters in various sizes defines the edges of the balcony.
      • Benches (and high metal and wire railing) offer a safe perch for enjoying the view.
      • A trellis delineates a separate dining space on the rooftop.
      • Use a variety of plant types — dwarf trees, shrubs, a few perennials and annuals — to draw the eye around, up, and through a balcony space.
    • A Cut Above

      An array of hardscape elements supplies interesting spots to enjoy the view.

      • A subtle shift in grade — one step up — defines relaxing and gathering spaces from the dining area.
      • On rooftops, providing relief from direct sun can be key to comfort. Try a pergola to shield a patio set.
      • Rambling vines add subtle color shifts to the trellised sides of the pergola.
      • A collection of rocks and boulders provides another option to increase visual variety.
      • Wiring a balcony or rooftop for electricity should be part of any design plans; outlets here are hidden on the grade step-up.
    • Pool Patio

      Water and containers dress up a rooftop area.

      • On a balcony or rooftop, a water feature can help to quiet surrounding urban sounds and create a focal point.
      • Containers — even for large trailing vines — offer an alternative if it’s too difficult (or budget restrictive) to bring large quantities of soil to the rooftop.
      • Depending on style and visual preference, a variety of materials can be used as a trellis. Here, wire offers a lighter, more airy structure.
      • A combination of built-in benches and portable chairs increases the flexibility of seating arrangements.
      • Container plants and shrubs work in tandem with the trellis to screen the view.
    • Slim Style

      Restrained materials and plants furnish a sliver of space with graceful style.

      • A uniform selection of plants can create a contemporary-style space. Here, a solid row of evergreen shrubs provides a stunning minimalist border.
      • A mixed bag of rail materials offers visual interest, too, such as the metal railing paired with a raised wood bed.
      • A subtle border of river rock defines the edge of the square paving.
      • Planted with dynamic grasses and colorful flowers, a few moveable containers add pops of color and structure.
      • Fabric and furnishings reinforce the design choices in a balcony. Here, teak chaise lounges and sage green pillows maintain the clean-line aesthetic.
    • A Terrific Terrace

      Plants and a pergola contribute to a lively rooftop.

      • Plants and hardscape elements can define areas of a rooftop that are more or less exposed. Here, a pergola and plants shield the space from overhead and one side.
      • A trellis marks a shift in outdoor spaces, from seating to dining to relaxing.
      • The space between two columns of a pergola offers a natural nook for a bench.
      • Wood (used as flooring) was also used in planters to create a cohesive look.
      • A collection of plants in containers dramatically increases the “plantable” area of a rooftop space.
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